This article explores the interaction between the Tokugawa bakufu's laws on adultery and the customary practice of resolving adultery cases through private settlement. The One Hundred Articles (1742), which sentenced adulterous commoners to death, cemented the bakufu's conception of marriage as a metaphor for government in which adultery symbolized treason. But private settlements from Musashi Province reveal that peasants had different ideas about the significance of marriage and adultery. They protected the community's investment in marriage, prioritizing reconciliation over punishment. Ultimately, a working relationship between law and customary practice reinforced the
authority of husbands within the family.
The conventional view that women in premodern Japan were uniformly subordinated within patriarchal households does not stand up to close scrutiny of the historical sources. The latter have to be understood very broadly: using poetry, pictorial representations and the histories of important family enterprises alongside such documents as trade directories and temple registers, it is possible to identify women operating at every level of commercial activity. These findings contradict the normative façade of the Confucian and Buddhist teachings of the time. The relations between men and women in the early years of the great merchant houses subvert simplistic categories of public and private, and suggest new ways of examining gender difference in this and subsequent periods.
In this article, we focus on the problem of verifying Saikaku Ihara's authorship, especially for Yorozu no humihougu ... a posthumous work. Saikaku Ihara ... (c. 1642-93) is one of the most famous writers of the Edo period (1603-1868) in Japan. Saikaku's works are known for their significance for developing Japanese novels today. For a long time, researchers have tried to identify Saikaku's works by investigating the history, content, format, and other features. However, it remained unclear which works were really written by Saikaku.
Find Books, eBooks, Articles, DVDs, and Streaming Videos
We suggest using the recommended databases first, but Google Scholar can offer additional sources.
General Search Tips
Begin your research with an initial search in Primo, and then explore subject-specific databases for more targeted results.
Utilize Boolean search terms to enhance your search effectiveness: AND narrows results to those containing both search terms; OR expands results to include either search term (not necessarily both); and NOT eliminates results containing the specified term.
Commence with a general search, refining it to become more specific as needed. If you possess a basic understanding of your desired focus, search using a broad term and narrow it down based on available resources.
Examine the subject terms and keywords used in the articles you discover. If they appear relevant, consider incorporating them into your search terms. Should your results be too extensive, add supplementary search terms to refine your inquiry further.
To search for a specific phrase, enclose it in quotation marks. This ensures the search engine looks for the exact phrase, rather than each word individually. For instance, searching "To be or not to be" will yield that precise phrase, rather than individual words.
To locate a word or phrase within an article PDF, e-book, or webpage, use the CTRL and F keys to open a search box that scans the text within a document. Remember to maintain a formal tone and employ an informative writing style in English throughout your research process.