Márquez was greatly influenced by his grandmother’s story-telling ability, and was highly indebted to the socio-political history of Latin America, particularly Colombia. In One Hundred Years of Solitude, he wants to reconstruct the lost world of childhood by using magical realism which gives expression to the world-view of a rural people who live in isolation from modern world. By retelling the official history from the perspective of the oppressed, he reveals the fact that history is never factual and impartial but serves the interest of those who write it. Through the banana company massacre and the subsequent hide and seek over the number of dead workers, Márquez exposes the way official history becomes fabricated and distorted by authorities, and fails to provide the original occurrences.
A literary criticism of the book “One Hundred Years of Solitude” by Gabriel García Márquez is presented. It is suggested the novel be viewed within the context of the known history of the American continents, including their myth and ritual. It is the author's opinion that previous reviews have held western biases, while she finds the first character described in "One Hundred Years" to bear resemblance to Bochica, the sun god of the native Chibchas of Colombia.
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